Species in Need of Information
The Cottonmouth is known from the Spring River drainage in Cherokee County, Kansas.
County Breakdown: County Name (# occurrences)
Cherokee (2), Labette (1), Montgomery (2)
Growth and Longevity:
KU 218677, Cherokee County, total length 915 mm (36 inches), Shane Eckhardt, 14 September 1991.
Not known from Kansas.
This species is a relatively recent addition to the herpetofauna of Kansas. It has a long history in the state however as summarized by Hall and Smith (1947), Collins (1978, 1982, 1993), Rundquist et al. (1978) and Fitch (1984). Less is known about the status of the Cottonmouth within Kansas than any other member of the Kansas herpetofauna. Reports of their occurrence are received regularly, even as far away as Thomas County. Most of these turn out to be any of the various species of harmless water snakes (Nerodia, Regina, and Thamnophis). However, a reliable, but as yet unverified report, suggests that a population may exist along Snow Creek east of Coffeyville. A focused attempt to systematically survey each of the drainage systems, east of Chautauqua County, as they enter Oklahoma, would help to shed light on the status and distribution of this species in Kansas.
1947. Hall, Henry H. and Hobart M. Smith. Selected records of reptiles and amphibians from southeastern Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences. 49(4): pp. 447-454.
1978. Collins, Joseph T. Rediscovery of the western cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma) in southeastern Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences. 80(2): pp. 71-74.
1978. Rundquist, Eric M., Ed Stegall, David Grow, and Peter Gray. New herpetological records from Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences. 81(1): pp. 73-77.
1993. Collins, Joseph T. Amphibians and Reptiles of Kansas. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Lawrence. Pp. 397.