Occurrence Dot Map:
Data from 64 occurrences (37 museum vouchers).
- 2 museum vouchers > 30 yrs.
- 35 museum vouchers < 30 yrs.
- 27 observations.
- 4 literature observations.
47 unique localities.

Collection/Observation Date Quartile Plot:

Collection/Observation by Hour:
4 record(s) from 12:00:00 AM to 1:00:00 AM 1 record(s) from 1:00:00 AM to 2:00:00 AM 0 records from 2:00:00 AM to 3:00:00 AM 0 records from 3:00:00 AM to 4:00:00 AM 0 records from 4:00:00 AM to 5:00:00 AM 0 records from 5:00:00 AM to 6:00:00 AM 0 records from 6:00:00 AM to 7:00:00 AM 0 records from 7:00:00 AM to 8:00:00 AM 0 records from 8:00:00 AM to 9:00:00 AM 0 records from 9:00:00 AM to 10:00:00 AM 0 records from 10:00:00 AM to 11:00:00 AM 0 records from 11:00:00 AM to 12:00:00 PM 1 record(s) from 12:00:00 PM to 1:00:00 PM 4 record(s) from 1:00:00 PM to 2:00:00 PM 0 records from 2:00:00 PM to 3:00:00 PM 0 records from 3:00:00 PM to 4:00:00 PM 0 records from 4:00:00 PM to 5:00:00 PM 0 records from 5:00:00 PM to 6:00:00 PM 0 records from 6:00:00 PM to 7:00:00 PM 0 records from 7:00:00 PM to 8:00:00 PM 0 records from 8:00:00 PM to 9:00:00 PM 6 record(s) from 9:00:00 PM to 10:00:00 PM 1 record(s) from 10:00:00 PM to 11:00:00 PM 7 record(s) from 11:00:00 PM to 12:00:00 AM
1 6 12 18 24

Observation Type:
5 - DOR
3 - AOR
2 - Active, off-road
1 - Under cover
32 - Chorusing

Public Lands Records:
No observations recorded.
EASTERN NARROW-MOUTHED TOAD
Gastrophryne carolinensis, (Holbrook, 1836)
  (gas-trO-frI'-nE car-uh-lI'-nin-sis)
   Kansas State Threatened Species

Recognition:
The venter is mottled and the dorsum is brown or tan and usually bears a dark median wedge. There is a single metatarsal tubercle. The toe tips are round and tapered. the toes are not webbed.

Confusing Species:
The Eastern Narrowmouth Toad differs from the Great Plains Narrowmouth Toad in coloration and from other species in foot structure and coloration.

Distribution:
This small frog is known only from the extreme southeastern Cherokee County within the Spring River drainage basin. Most records are from the Ozarks Plateau; however several recent records indicate that it follows riparian corridors along Brush, Shawnee and Cow creeks to the north and west.
County Breakdown: County Name (# occurrences)
Cherokee (64)

Call Description:
Call is a high drawn-out, insect-like "beeeeeeeeeeee." Many liken it to the bleating of a newborn lamb.

<A HREF='calls/384-846.mp3'>[Play Call]</A>
Audio recording by Keith Coleman
Available from Kansas Heritage Photography


Growth and Longevity:
KU 218746, Cherokee County, Travis W. Taggart, Shane Eckhardt, Kelly J. Irwin, and Joseph T. Collins, 28 September 1991, 37 mm (1 7/16 inches), Collins (1993).

Fossil Record:
Not known from Kansas.

Remarks:
Collins (1982) extensively surveyed the Ozark Plateau for this taxon and discovered several new localities, doubling the number of known vouchers at the time (from 3 to 6). He suggested that this taxon be designated as state Endangered Species. Miller (1991) studied this frog in the Ozark Plateau and provided additional information on its distribution and habitat requirements. Further efforts to study these frogs in Kansas should include surveys along Brush, Shawnee, and Cow creeks to better determine the northern and western limits of their range in the state.

References:
1836. Holbrook, John Edwards. North American Herpetology; or, a Description of the Reptiles Inhabiting the United States. 5 Volumes. J. Dobson , Philadelphia. Pp. 1032.
1982. Collins, Joseph T. Status of three amphibians in southeastern Kansas. Kansas Fish and Game, Contract #46. Pp. 57.
1991. Miller, Larry. Study of the Eastern Narrowmouth Toad in southeast Kansas. Kansas Wildlife and Parks. : pp. 12.
2006. Altig, Ronald, Roy W. McDiarmid, Kimberly A. Nichols, and Paul C. Ustach. Tadpoles of the United States and Canada: A Tutorial and Key. Electronic files accessible at http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/tadpole/. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD, USA.. : pp. .
2010. Collins, Joseph T., Suzanne L. Collins, and Travis W. Taggart. Amphibians, Reptiles, and Turtles of Kansas. Eagle Mountain Publishing., Provo, Utah. Pp. 400.

User: 54.196.195.207; CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/). © Sternberg Museum of Natural History 1999-2014